Niaouli - Melaleuca Quinquenervia - Tree
Blending Note: Middle
Main Benefits: Stimulant, Antiseptic Pain relief, Treatment of Rheumatism and Arthritis
Properties: Analgesic, Antirheumatic, Antiseptic, Bactericidal, Balsamic, Cicatrisant,
Decongestant, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Insecticide, Stimulant, Vermifuge, Vulnerary.
Other Producers: Queensland, New South Wales, Southern New Guinea, India, Madagascar,
Philippines, West Indies, New Caledonia, Madagascar.
Allergy Warning: Do not use on young children and babies.
During Captain Cook’s first voyage to Australia in 1770, specimens of M. quinquenervia were collected by the naturalists Joseph Banks and Daniel Carl Solander, after observing the Aborigines using decoctions of the leaves. They used it to treat aches and pains, cuts, skin conditions, infections, insect bites, respiratory conditions and just about everything we use the essential oil for in aromatherapy today! These and other samples of Melaleuca were brought back to England on-board HMS Endeavour for further study.
Niaouli essential oil has been derived commercially from the tree of the same name now for well over 100 years, although it has taken many years to correctly identify and classify it botanically. This is because there are several plants with strikingly similar appearance that were originally mistaken for niaouli. Over the years a wide range of common names and synonyms were associated with all of these species which added to the confusion, taxonomically speaking. Closely related to tea tree, eucalyptus and cajuput, Niaouli is a medium sized evergreen tree that typically grows to a height of around 12 meters, although under some conditions it can achieve 25 meters. The trunk is covered in a thick, whitish-grey or pale brown papery bark that grows in untidy layers which split and peel, often appearing extremely rough in texture particularly on larger mature trees. The stiff, leathery, dull green leaves are lanceolate with 5 prominent parallel veins that run from base to tip and produce a powerful resinous-eucalyptus type odour when crushed.
The leaves are the source material of niaouli essential oil. Branches on the tree bear small, dry, woody fruits about 5mm in diameter and the fluffy spikes of flowers are broad and stalk-less and usually white or pale cream in colour, occasionally with shades of red or green. It propagates by means of seeds stored in the fruits which are released in large numbers when disturbed, or injured by fire. Niaouli essential oil is extracted by steam distillation. They use the leaves for extraction of the oil is clear and thin. The medium strength aroma is earthy, musty and harsh. Niaouli essential oil is considered a top note in aromatherapy and adds freshness to blends with basil, coriander, cypress, fennel, geranium, juniper berry, lavender, patchouli, pine, peppermint, spearmint, tea tree and all citrus oils. In some hospitals niaouli has been used to reduce the severity of burns during the treatment of cancer, when using cobalt radiation therapy. Because it is well tolerated by the skin, a thin layer of undiluted oil can be applied to the skin before each treatment to reduce the severity of the burns whilst helping and accelerating the healing process.
Aches, Acne, Bronchitis, Colds, Coughs, Cuts, Dull Skin, Flu, Oily Skin, Sore Throat, Whooping Cough, Wounds Bacterial Growth, Boosts Health, Scars, Spots, Congestion, Breathing, Phlegm, Catarrh, Fever.
Insect Repellent, Inhalation, Massage, Lotion