Mustard – Brassica Nigra - Spice
Blending Note: Base
Main Benefits: Insect Repellant, Hair Revitalizer, Cooking, increasing appetite
Properties: Stimulant, Irritant, Appetizer, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Cordial,
Diaphoretic, Ant rheumatic Tonic.
Origin: Canada and Nepal
Other Producers: West Asia, Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Mediterranean,
Himalayas, India, Canada, UK, Denmark, USA, Argintinina, Chile, Germany, Netherlands
Allergy Warning: When mustard oil is inhaled, it produces an extremely unpleasant sensation in the occipital regions of the head and causes inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eyes and the mucus membranes of the respiratory system. When applied to the skin, it provokes a burning sensation and should never be used in aromatherapy.
Although some varieties of mustard plants were well-established crops in Hellenistic and Roman times, Zohary and Hopf note: "There are almost no archeological records available for any of these crops." Wild forms of mustard and its relatives, the radish and turnip can be found over west Asia and Europe, suggesting their domestication took place somewhere in that area. However, Zohary and Hopf conclude: "Suggestions as to the origins of these plants are necessarily based on linguistic considerations." Encyclopedia Britannica states that mustard was grown by the Indus Civilization of 2500-1700 BCE, According to the Saskatchewan Mustard Development Commission, "Some of the earliest known documentation of mustard's use dates back to Sumerian and Sanskrit texts from 3000 BC.
Mustard plants are any of several plant species in the general Brassica and Sinapis. Mustard seed is used as a spice. Mild white mustard grows wild in North Africa, the Middle East and Mediterranean Europe, and has spread farther by long cultivation. Oriental Mustard, originally from the foothills of the Himalaya, is grown commercially in India, Canada, UK, Denmark and the US. Black mustard is grown in Argentinian, Chile, US and some European countries. Canada and Nepal are the world's major producers of mustard seed, between them accounting for around 57% of world production in 2010. White mustard is commonly used as a cover crop in Europe (between UK and Ukraine). A large number of varieties exist, e.g. in Germany, Netherlands, mainly differing in lateness of flowering and resistance against white beet-cyst nematode.
Farmers prefer late flowering varieties, which do not produce seeds, they may become weeds in the subsequent year. Early vigor is important to cover the soil quickly and suppress weeds and protect the soil against erosion. In rotations with sugar beets, suppression of the white beet-cyst nematode is an important trait. Resistant white mustard varieties decline nematode populations by 70-90%. Recent research has studied varieties of mustards with high oil contents for use in the production of biodiesel, a renewable liquid fuel similar to diesel fuel. The biodiesel made from mustard oil has good cold flow properties and cetane ratings. The leftover meal after pressing out the oil has also been found to be an effective pesticide.
Increasing Appetite, Inhibiting Bacterial and Fungal Growth, Boosting Hair Growth, Reduce hair loss, Increase Perspiration, Stimulate Circulation, Rheumatism, Immune System
Insect Repellant, Hair Revitalizer, Cooking, Tea, Lotion