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Manuka - Leptospermum scoparium- Tree

Blending Note: Middle

Main Benefits: Anti-Bacterial

Properties: Anti-Bacterial

Origin: Australia

Other Producers: New Zealand, Tasmania, New South Wales, Victoria

Allergy warning: None on record


Short History:

Evidence suggests that Manuka originated in Australia before the onset of the Miocene aridity, and dispersed relatively recently from eastern Australia to New Zealand. It has been postulated that on arrival in New Zealand, Manuka became established in limited edaphically suitable areas until the arrival of the Polynesian people, whose fire and forest-clearing brought about the low-nutrient-status soils for which it was preadapted in its homeland. It is now found throughout New Zealand, but is particularly common on the drier east coasts of the North and South Islands, and in Australia in Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales.


About Manuka:

Manuka is a prolific scrub-type tree and is often one of the first species to regenerate on cleared land. It is typically a shrub growing to 2–5 m tall, but can grow into a moderately sized tree, up to 15 m or so in height. It is evergreen, with dense branching and small leaves 7–20 mm long and 2–6 mm broad, with a short spine tip. The flowers are white, occasionally pink, 8–15 mm (rarely up to 25 mm) in diameter, with five petals. The wood is tough and hard. Cultivators are available in New Zealand but often the plant performs better in cultivation overseas. This is because in its homeland it is subject to attack by scale insects that secrete honeydew on which grows a sooty mold that eventually debilitates the plant. Because of this, attempts have been made, with limited commercial success, to cross the showy New Zealand cultivars with mold-resistant Australian Leptospermum species. The wood was often used for tool handles. Manuka essential oil is extracted by steam distillation. They use the leaves for extraction.

The Colour of the oil is clear and the consistency medium and slightly oily. The Aroma is woody, earthy and balsamic. It is richer and warmer than common Tea Tree ant the aroma strength is medium. Manuka Essential Oil is modern used widely as a potent natural anti-fungal and antibacterial agent.  Manuka, as it is called by most New Zealanders, was used in pre-European times by the traditional people of New Zealand, the Maori, and still is. A decoction of the leaves was drunk for urinary complaints and as a febrifuge (an agent for reducing fever). The steam from leaves boiled in water was inhaled for head colds. A decoction was prepared from the leaves and bark and the warm liquid was rubbed on stiff muscles and aching joints. The emollient white gum, called pai Manuka, was given to nursing babies and also used to treat scalds and burns. Chewing the bark is said to have a relaxing effect and it enhances sleep. 


Medicinal Uses: 

Acne, Athlete's Foot, Candida, Chicken Pox, Cold Sores, Colds, Corns, Cuts, Flu, Insect Bites, Itching, Migraine, Oily Skin, Ringworm, Sinusitis, Sores, Spots, Urethritis, Warts, Whooping Cough.

Other Uses:

Wood Handles, Massage, Smoking of meat, Lotions, Steaming, Tea