Elem - Ulmus Rubra - Tree
Blending Note: Not Known
Main Benefits: Digestive Aid, Healing
Properties: Anti-inflammatory, Diuretic, Antioxidant, Analgesic
Other Producers: North America, China
Allergy Warning: Sensitive Skin, Do not use when pregnant
Elms first appeared in the Miocene period about 40 million years ago. The name Ulmus is the Latin name for these trees, while the English "elm" and many other European names are either cognate with or derived from it. From the 18th century to the early 20th century, elms were among the most widely planted ornamental trees in both Europe and North America. They were particularly popular as a street tree in avenue plantings in towns and cities, creating high-tunnelled effects.
From about 1850 to 1920, the most prized small ornamental elm in parks and gardens was the Camperdown elm, a contorted weeping cultivar of the Wych Elm grafted on to a non-weeping elm trunk to give a wide, spreading and weeping fountain shape in large garden spaces. In northern Europe elms were, among the few trees tolerant of saline deposits from sea spray, which can cause "salt-burning" and die-back. This tolerance made elms reliable both as shelterbelt trees exposed to sea wind, in particular along the coastlines of southern and western Britain and in the Low Countries, and as trees for coastal towns and cities.
Elms take many decades to grow to maturity. Elm leaves are alternate, with simple, single- or, most commonly serrate margins, usually asymmetric at the base and acuminate at the apex. The fruit is a round wind-dispersed, facilitating photosynthesis before the leaves emerge. All species are tolerant of a wide range of soils and pH levels but with few exceptions, demand good drainage. The elm tree can grow to great height, often with a split trunk creating a vase-shape profile.
Inflammation, Indigestion, Heal the Skin, Infections, Reduce Blood Pressure, Increase Blood Flow, Boost Eye Health, Ulcers, Detoxify the Body, Oral Health, Diarrhea, Burns, Abrasions, Wounds, Age Spots, Ulcers, Kidneys, Metabolism.