Citronella - Cymbopogon Nardus / Cymbopogon Winterianus - Herb
Blending Note: Top
Main Benefits: Insect Repellent
Properties: Hydroxycitronellal, Topical
Origin: China, Indonesia
Other Producers: Taiwan, Guatemala, Honduras, Brazil, Sri Lanka, India, Argentina, Ecuador, Jamaica, Madagascar, Mexico and South Africa
Allergy Warning: Avoid while pregnant. May cause skin irritation.
At present, the world production of citronella oil is approximately 4,000 tonnes. The main producers are China and Indonesia - producing 40 percent of the world's supply. The oil is also produced in Taiwan, Guatemala, Honduras, Brazil, Sri Lanka, India, Argentina, Ecuador, Jamaica, Madagascar, Mexico, and South Africa. A study conducted by ARPA in 1963 determined that hydroxycitronellal was an effective repellent against both aquatic and terrestrial leeches.
Citronella oil is popular as a natural insect repellent. Its mosquito repellent qualities have been verified by research including effectiveness in repelling dengue fever mosquito. To be continually effective, most citronella repellent formulas need to be reapplied to the skin every 30–60 minutes. Citronella oil is an effective repellent for body lice, head lice and stable flies.
The US Environmental Protection Agency states that citronella oil has little or no toxicity when used as a topical insect repellent, with no reports of adverse effects of concern over a 60-year period. Some products are applied to human skin, so EPA requires proper precautionary labelling to help assure safe use. If used according to label instructions in the US, citronella is not expected to pose health risks to people, including children and other sensitive populations.
Citronella is used in perfumery and is widely known as an insect repellent. Citronella is steam distilled. They use the grass for distillation. The colour of the oil extracted is clear and the consistency thin. The aroma is Rich, fresh, lemony, citrus, fruity and sweet and the strength is medium.
Excessive Perspiration, Fatigue, Headache, Oily Skin, Raise the heart rate